The DBA/2J strain and prepulse inhibition of startle: a model system to test antipsychotics?

Olivier, Berend, Leahy, Christina, Mullen, Tanner, Paylor, Richard, Groppi, Vincent E., Sarnyai, Zoltan, and Brunner, Daniela (2001) The DBA/2J strain and prepulse inhibition of startle: a model system to test antipsychotics? Psychopharmacology, 156. pp. 284-290.

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Rationale: Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle response in mice is increasingly used as a paradigm of sensory gating with potential predictive and construct validity towards schizophrenia.

Objectives: Establishment of a mouse PPI paradigm in which typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs directly improve a low performance PPI.

Methods: Three strains of mice – C57Bl/6J, 129S6/SvEvTac and DBA/2J – were tested in a startle paradigm with three prepulse intensities, 2, 4 and 8 dB above background.

Results: Under these conditions, risperidone (0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg i.p.) and clozapine (0, 1, 3 and 9 mg/kg i.p.) improved PPI in all three strains, with order of effect in DBA/2J > 129S6SvEvTac > C57Bl/6J. The DBA/2J strain showed larger PPI-enhancing effects, without disturbing the basal startle response. Two α7 nicotinic receptor agonists, GTS-21 (1–10 mg/kg i.p.) and AR-R17779 (1–10 mg/kg i.p.) were inactive in the PPI procedure in DBA/2J mice.

Conclusions: DBA/2J mice were very sensitive to the antipsychotic-like effects of atypical (clozapine) and typical (risperidone) antipsychotics, and this strain is proposed as a model to directly measure sensory gating properties of drugs. α7 Nicotinergic receptor agonists were ineffective in this PPI paradigm.

Item ID: 35103
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-2072
Keywords: startle; prepulse inhibition; DBA/2J; antipsychotic; clozapine; risperidone; α7 nicotinic receptor; GTS-21; AR-R17779; mouse strain
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2014 06:08
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110903 Central Nervous System @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111502 Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics @ 25%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology) @ 25%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 100%
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