Nano-scale mechanical properties and behavior of pre-sintered zirconia

Alao, Abdur-Rasheed, and Yin, Ling (2014) Nano-scale mechanical properties and behavior of pre-sintered zirconia. Journal of the Mechanical Behaviour of Biomedical Materials, 36. pp. 21-31.

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Abstract

This paper reports on the mechanical properties and material behavior of pre-sintered zirconia using nanoindentation with in situ scanning probe microscopy. Indentation contact hardness, Hc, and Young's modulus, E, were measured at loading rates of 0.1–2 mN/s and 10 mN peak load to understand the loading rate effect on its properties. Indentation imprints were analyzed using in situ scanning probe imaging to understand the indentation mechanisms. The average measured contact hardness was 0.92–1.28 GPa, independent of the loading rate (ANOVA, p>0.05). Young's moduli showed a loading rate dependence, with average 61.25 GPa and a great deviation at a low loading rate of 0.1 mN/s, which was twice the average moduli at the loading rates of 0.5–2 mN/s. Extensive discontinuities and the largest maximum penetration, final and contact depths were also observed on the load–displacement curves at the lowest loading rate. These phenomena corresponded to microstructural compaction (pore closure and opening) and kink band formation, indicating the loading rate dependence for microstructural changes during nanoindentation. The in situ scanning probe images of indentation imprints show plastic deformation without fracture at all loading rates, compaction at the low loading rate and pore filling at the high loading rate. The mechanical behavior studied provides physical insight into the abrasive machining responses of pre-sintered zirconia using sharp diamond abrasives.

Item ID: 35064
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-0180
Keywords: pre-sintered zirconia; loading rate; material behavior; mechanical properties; nanoindentation; in situ SPM
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Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: JCU Collaboration Grants Schemes
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2014 23:56
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091201 Ceramics @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110501 Dental Materials and Equipment @ 50%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8610 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products > 861002 Ceramics @ 60%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920402 Dental Health @ 40%
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