Compounding practices in Queensland: experiences and perceptions of pharmacists and pharmacy students

Lau, Esther T.L., Jones, Anthea L., Kairuz, Therése, Nissen, Lisa M., and Steadman, Kathryn J. (2013) Compounding practices in Queensland: experiences and perceptions of pharmacists and pharmacy students. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 43 (1). pp. 19-24.

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Background: Changes in the roles of the contemporary pharmacist has seen a decline in the number and variety of extemporaneously compounded dosage forms. Pharmacy curricula reflect this change with a reduction in the emphasis on extemporaneous compounding practice.

Aim: To elicit information about extemporaneously compounded dosage forms and perceptions of compounding practice from pharmacists and pharmacy students.

Method: Self-administered surveys were mailed to 1063 pharmacists and offered online to 896 pharmacy undergraduates across the 4 years of a Bachelor of Pharmacy program in Queensland.

Results: 382 (36%) pharmacists and 455 (51%) students completed the survey. Most pharmacists (96%) reported compounding a product in the 12 months prior to the survey, particularly semi-solids (89%) and liquids (64%) for external use. Most pharmacies (> 96%) owned basic compounding equipment, such as a slab and spatula, mortar and pestle, and cylindrical/conical measures. Half of the pharmacies used mechanical rather than electronic balances. Students expressed greater confidence in their ability to use basic compounding equipment and to perform basic compounding tasks as they progressed through the 4-year degree course. Pharmacists' views on students' ability to compound basic products at the end of their degree were generally similar to the proportion of final-year students who reported they could confidently complete the task.

Conclusion: Despite a decline in extemporaneously compounded products in community pharmacy, pharmacy graduates need to be competent in compounding techniques.

Item ID: 35018
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2055-2335
Keywords: compounding, dosage forms; practice
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2014 02:08
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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