Perceived impact of clinical placements on students' preparedness to provide patient-centered care in Malaysia

Hasan, Syed Shahzad, Wong, Pei Se, Ahmed, Syed Imran, Chong, David Weng Kwai, Mai, Chun Wai, Pook, Peter, and Kairuz, Therese (2013) Perceived impact of clinical placements on students' preparedness to provide patient-centered care in Malaysia. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 5 (4). pp. 303-310.

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Abstract

Objective: Over the last two decades the pharmacy profession has seen a major revision to patient-focused teaching and practice. This study evaluated the perceived impact of experiential clinical pharmacy placements on students' preparedness to provide patient-centered care.

Methods: This cross-sectional study among Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) final-year students used a validated self-administered questionnaire, administered before and after the students' clinical placements undertaken at hospitals. Subjects' responses were rated on a 7-point Likert scale anchored at 1 (not at all) and 7 (very well prepared). The Wilcoxon test was applied to assess the differences in pre- and post-mean scores of individual items.

Results: One hundred six students agreed to participate in the study. Despite the low percentage of clinical curricular content coverage, significant augmentation in post-placement overall mean scores in aspects of patient-centered care was found; therapeutic (4.8 vs 3.5; 38.3% change), psycho-social (4.9 vs 4.1, 19.5% change) and communication skills (5.05 vs 3.9, 30.8% change) aspects of patient-centered care were noted. The mean score for each item in the three aspects increased from pre- to post-clinical placements and were statistically significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Perceived patient centered care skills grow as the students' complete coursework, and changes to that coursework, including clinical learning, can impact both actual and perceived patient-centered-care competencies. The findings highlight areas for curriculum improvement and this evaluation reinforces the need for experiential placements in the BPharm curriculum. There is value in the development of pharmacy practice skills which occurs during undergraduate placements through experiential learning.

Item ID: 35017
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1877-1300
Keywords: perceived impact; clinical placements; students; preparedness; patient-centered; care
Funders: nternational Medical University, Malaysia
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2014 01:42
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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