Reducing climate change vulnerability in Mozambique: from policy to practice

Hervey, Angus, and Blythe, Jessica (2013) Reducing climate change vulnerability in Mozambique: from policy to practice. In: Held, David, Roger, Charles, and Nag, Eva-Maria, (eds.) Climate Governance in the Developing World. Polity Press, London, UK, pp. 238-257.

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Mozambique is regularly identified as one of the countries that will suffer the worst effects of future changes to the earth's climate as a result of human-led activities. This extreme vulnerability is due to a number of physical factors, such as Mozambique's geographic location, its long coastline and its position at the confluence of several major river basins in southern Africa, as well as the extensive area of its land that lies below sea level, its high temperatures, aridity and infertile soils. These factors are further exacerbated by the country's extreme levels of poverty, the high dependence of most of its citizens on natural resources, and a lack of existing infrastructure and government capacity to support adaptation. At the same time, Mozambique bears little responsibility for its predicament. Its national production of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is the lowest in southern Africa, and one of the lowest in the world. Total annual emissions are 1.93 megatonnes (Mt) of CO2, just 0.006 per cent of the world total. Annual per capita emissions are 0.09 tonnes, which is 10 per cent of the African average and just 2 per cent of the world average. In this sense, Mozambique represents one of the clearest examples of how climate change will affect those that have the least responsibility for it, and offers a compelling case for those arguing that developed countries have a moral obligation to help developing countries deal with the effects of their actions.

Item ID: 34795
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-7456-6276-3
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2015 06:26
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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