The value of colonoscopy in isolated abdominal pain

Narendra, Aaditya, Lim, Yi Ling Adeline, and Pretorius, Casper Francois (2013) The value of colonoscopy in isolated abdominal pain. In: Presentations from the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons 82nd Annual Scientific Congress. From: RACS ASC 2013: Royal Australasian College of Surgeons 82nd Annual Scientific Congress, 6-10 May 2013, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Abstract

Purpose: Abdominal pain is a widely reported problem representing the 3rd most common referral to endoscopy clinic. Isolated abdominal pain is regarded to correlate poorly with colonic pathology. There is limited data supporting the use of colonoscopy to investigate pain & no data in the Australian setting. We aim to evaluate the yield & complication rate of colonoscopy in abdominal pain.

Methodology: A single centre retrospective study was performed. All colonoscopies between December 2010 and May 2012 were collected. All patients with isolated abdominal pain +/- NHMRC Cat. 1 & 2 Family histories were included for analysis. Patient demographics, pathological yield & complications were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS®. Chi-square tests were used to identify explanatory variables that are related to the yield of colonoscopy. Binary logistic regression was performed on variables having a Pearson chi-square significance level less than 0.15.

Results: Of 1164 patients, 55 underwent colonoscopy for isolated abdominal pain. Of these, 50.9% had normal colonoscopies. The remainder showed uncomplicated diverticulosis (29%) & polyps (27.2%). No cause for pain (cancer, IBD) was identified in any patient. Age was an important predictor of pathology (p=0.002).Those aged 50-64 had 7.5 times the odds of an abnormal result than those <50 (p= 0.005). Of those patients aged <50 years, 81% had a normal scope.1 of 55 patients suffered a perforation yielding a complication rate of 1.8% which has not been previously described.

Conclusions: Colonoscopy has a low yield & a significant morbidity in the investigation of isolated abdominal pain. We suggest that it should not be used as a 1st line investigation in this setting.

Item ID: 34707
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Keywords: colonoscopy, abdominal pain
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Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2014 05:08
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110323 Surgery @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920118 Surgical Methods and Procedures @ 100%
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