Igneous layering in basaltic magma chambers

Namur, O., Abily, Bénédicte, Boudreau, Alan E., Blanchette, Francois, Bush, John W.M., Ceuleneer, Georges, Charlier, B., Donaldson, Colin H., Duchesne, Jean-Clair, Higgins, M.D., Morata, D., Neilsen, Troels F.D., O'Driscoll, B., Pang, K.N., Peacock, Thomas, Spandler, Carl J., Toramaru, Atsushi, and Veksler, I.V. (2015) Igneous layering in basaltic magma chambers. In: Charlier, Bernard, Namur, Olivier, Latypov, Rais, and Tegner, Christian, (eds.) Layered Intrusions. Springer Geology . Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 75-152.

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Abstract

Layering is a common feature in mafic and ultramafic layered intrusions and generally consists of a succession of layers characterized by contrasted mineral modes and/or mineral textures, including grain size and orientation and, locally, changing mineral compositions. The morphology of the layers is commonly planar, but more complicated shapes are observed in some layered intrusions. Layering displays various characteristics in terms of layer thickness, homogeneity, lateral continuity, stratigraphic cyclicity, and the sharpness of their contacts with surrounding layers. It also often has similarities with sedimentary structures such as cross-bedding, trough structures or layer termination. It is now accepted that basaltic magma chambers mostly crystallize in situ in slightly undercooled boundary layers formed at the margins of the chamber. As a consequence, most known existing layering cannot be ascribed to a simple crystal settling process. Based on detailed field relationships, geochemical analyses as well as theoretical and experimental studies, other potential mechanisms have been proposed in the literature to explain the formation of layered igneous rocks. In this study, we review important mechanisms for the formation of layering, which we classify into dynamic and non-dynamic layer-forming processes.

Item ID: 34666
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-94-017-9651-4
Funders: University of Cambridge, University of Hannover
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2015 03:11
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology @ 50%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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