Post-traumatic stress disorder among survivors two years after the 2010 Mount Merapi volcano eruption: a survey study

Warsini, Sri, Buttner, Petra, Mills, Jane, West, Caryn, and Usher, Kim (2015) Post-traumatic stress disorder among survivors two years after the 2010 Mount Merapi volcano eruption: a survey study. Nursing and Health Sciences, 17 (2). pp. 173-180.

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Abstract

The Mount Merapi volcanic eruption in October 2010 was one of Indonesia's largest and most recent natural disasters. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to measure the psychosocial impact of the eruption on survivors in two locations in Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia. The Impact of Event Scale Revised was used to assess participants' symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder responses and demographic characteristics were compared in both locations by conducting bivariate analysis using Mann–Whitney and t tests. The relative contributions of demographic variables and psychosocial impact were examined using multiple linear regression analyses. Two years after the eruption, survivors from the area closest to the eruption had significantly higher Impact of Event Scale Revised scores than those in the comparison area. In particular, females, adults between the ages of 18 and 59, and people who owned their own home experienced the highest levels of psychosocial impact. Nurses and other health professionals need to be aware of the impact of natural disasters on survivors and develop interventions to help people adjust to the psychosocial impact of these events.

Item ID: 34458
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: disasters; nursing; psychosocial aspects; PTSD; survivors; volcanic eruptions
ISSN: 1442-2018
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2014 04:17
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111005 Mental Health Nursing @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920210 Nursing @ 50%
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