Growth and mortality of juvenile white shrimp Litopenaeus setiferus in a marsh pond

Baker, Ronald, and Minello, Thomas J. (2010) Growth and mortality of juvenile white shrimp Litopenaeus setiferus in a marsh pond. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 413. pp. 95-104.

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Abstract

Despite the widely held view that certain estuarine habitats are more valuable as nurseries because they provide enhanced growth and reduced mortality, there remain few estimates of growth and mortality rates in support of this paradigm. We conducted field caging experiments and collected weekly nekton samples in shallow open-water habitat in a marsh pond during summer and fall 2007 in Galveston Bay, Texas, USA, to estimate growth and morality rates of juvenile white shrimp Litopenaeus setiferus. Growth rates (mean ± 1 SE) were lower during the summer experiment (0.77 ± 0.05 mm d–1) than the fall (0.91 ± 0.04 mm d–1), and high summer water temperatures may have inhibited shrimp growth. Cohort analysis to derive mortality estimates from 15 weekly sampling trips failed due to extended periods of continuous recruitment, the lack of clearly identifiable cohorts, and high temporal variability in abundance estimates. Catch-curve analysis provided estimates of mean daily instantaneous mortality (Z) during the sampling period of 0.181 for post-larvae and early juveniles <28 mm TL and 0.083 for larger juveniles >28 mm. The mortality estimates must be interpreted with caution due to potential problems meeting the assumptions of catch-curve analysis. Despite the challenges, comparisons of vital rates among habitats are required to validate long-held paradigms on the functioning of estuarine nurseries and the importance of various coastal habitats in the support of fishery species.

Item ID: 34385
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1616-1599
Additional Information:

© 2010 Inter-Research. Open Access under the Creative Commons by Attribution Licence (CC-BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2014 00:54
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960603 Environmental Lifecycle Assessment @ 50%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830205 Wild Caught Prawns @ 50%
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