Implementation of the KTSND questionnaire on Australian dental undergraduates

Huang, B., Inagaki, K., Yoshii, C., Kano, M., Nakagaki, H., and Noguchi, T. (2008) Implementation of the KTSND questionnaire on Australian dental undergraduates. In: Abstracts from the 56th Annual Meeting of Japanese Association for Dental Research. 032. p. 69. From: 56th Annual Meeting of Japanese Association for Dental Research (JADR), 29-30 November 2008, Nagoya, Japan.

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess the reliability of the English version of the Kano Test for Social Nicotine Dependence (KTSND) questionnaire in order to establish the association between age, gender, smoking status, relationship with smokers and KTSND scores, in a sample of Australian dental undergraduates.

Methods: A sample of 255 dental undergraduates at the University of Western Australia was used. Each was examined with an English version of the KTSND questionnaire twice in an interval of a month.

Results: The prevalence of smoking among Australian dental undergraduates was 4.7% (95% CI=2.6%, 8.3%). Seven out of the ten questions in the English version of the KTSND questionnaire (Q1, Q3, Q4, Q5, Q7, Q8, Q10) showed an adequate test-retest reliability (Cronbach's alpha≥0.64). The internal consistency of the 10 questions was 0.69 and it reached to a maximum at 0.77 when only six questions (Q3-Q8) were included. Current smokers showed stronger belief in Q3-"cigarettes bring enjoyment of flavour and stimulation" (OR=2.42, 95% CI=1.05, 5.56, p=0.037), Q5-"cigarette smoking enriches some smokers' life" (OR=3.15, 95% CI=1.25, 7.89, p=0.015), Q7-"cigarettes can relieve stress" (OR=6.30, 95% CI=1.67, 23.75, p=0.007), and Q8- "cigarettes help smokers' brain work better" (OR=3.73, 95% CI=1.46, 9.57, p=0.006). All other questions failed to differentiate between smokers and non-smokers (p≥0.202). Age, gender, relationship with smokers, and years of dental study were not associated with smoking status (p≥0.445).

Conclusion: The prevalence of smoking was lower among Australian dental undergraduates than general population. Smoking status was not associated with age, gender, relationship with smokers and years of dental study in this sample. The reliability of the English version of the KTSND questionnaire is adequate. Future investigation in its validity is indicated.

Item ID: 34273
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
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Funders: Rankine Memorial Fund Grant, University of Western Australia
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2014 02:08
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion @ 50%
13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130209 Medicine, Nursing and Health Curriculum and Pedagogy @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920414 Substance Abuse @ 60%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being) @ 40%
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