Influencing factors of paediatric dental anxiety levels in an undergraduate dental clinic

Mahiepala, Natasha, Phan, Vu, Kieu, Khoa, Koppen, Jadana, Hussain, Bilal, and Huang, Boyen (2015) Influencing factors of paediatric dental anxiety levels in an undergraduate dental clinic. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 16 (2).

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Objective: To examine the nature of dental anxiety in paediatric patients, and to identify factors relevant to paediatric dental anxiety in a sample of 5 to 17 year-old children residing in Cairns.

Methods: A convenient sample of 125 children, their parents and corresponding student practitioners were selected. Each was assessed with questionnaires.

Results: A higher level of dental anxiety was seen in children who were subject to radiographic examination as part of their treatment (b=0.462, p=0.012). Similarly, children of Asian ethnicity showed higher dental anxiety levels than their Caucasian counterparts (b=1.187, p=0.010). Finally, the childrens' overall dental anxiety levels decreased after being treated by student practitioners (t=2.311, df=124, p=0.022).

Conclusion: Children experienced greater anxiety before receiving dental treatment than after. Treatment involving radiographic examination exacerbated dental anxiety and children of Asian descent were more anxious prior to receiving treatment. Further investigation is indicated.

Item ID: 34266
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2035-648X
Keywords: dental anxiety, paediatric patient, radiographic examination, student practitioner, undergraduate clinic
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Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2014 06:18
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110507 Paedodontics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920402 Dental Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 50%
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