Discolouration of glass-ionomer cement at different fluoride concentration levels

Wang, Eric, and Huang, Boyen (2014) Discolouration of glass-ionomer cement at different fluoride concentration levels. Oral Health and Dental Management, 13 (2). 577. pp. 1-4.

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Background: Although application of professionally applied Acidulated Phosphate fluoride (APF) gel is effective in prevention of dental caries, APF-induced discolouration and/or surface degradation of dental restorations has been reported. However, no publication has reported a dose-response effect of APF gel on Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) restorations in vivo and/or human teeth. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the discolouration effect of APF gel at various concentration levels on GIC restorations of human teeth in vitro

Materials and Methods: Seventy extracted human teeth were used. Each was restored with GIC and then topically applied with a different dilution of APF gel. Change of shade and/or colour of restorations was assessed by a trained examiner.

Results: GIC discolouration was detected on 4 (5.71%) and 23 specimens (32.86%) after the first and the second APF applications, respectively. The discolouration rate increased with APF gel concentration on the second application (χ²=38.314, df=1, p<0.001) but not the first (χ²=2.352, df=1, p=0.125). Discolouration of GIC restorations was more likely to form under application of a higher concentration of APF gel (OR=1.099, 95%CI=1.052, 1.148), a higher concentration of fluoride (OR=1.001, 95%CI=1.000, 1.001) and/or a lower pH value (OR=0.002, 95%CI=0.000, 0.039).

Conclusions: Discolouration of GIC was associated with concentration and frequency of APF gel application in extracted natural human teeth in vitro. Increasing discolouration rates were related to increased fluoride concentration and increasing acidity of APF gel. Further investigation is indicated.

Item ID: 33637
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2247-2452
Keywords: fluoride, glass ionomer cement, discolouration, pH
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Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2014 00:42
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110507 Paedodontics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920113 Oro-Dental Disorders @ 100%
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