Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems: modeling and policy implications

Levin, Simon, Xepapadeas, Tasos, Crépin, Anne-Sophie, Norberg, Jon, de Zeeuw, Aart, Folke, Carl, Hughes, Terry, Arrow, Kenneth, Barrett, Scott, Daily, Gretchen, Ehrlich, Paul, Kautsky, Nils, Mäler, Karl-Göran, Polasky, Steve, Troell, Max, Vincent, Jeffrey R., and Walker, Brian (2013) Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems: modeling and policy implications. Environment and Development Economics, 18 (2). pp. 111-132.

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Abstract

Systems linking people and nature, known as social-ecological systems, are increasingly understood as complex adaptive systems. Essential features of these complex adaptive systems – such as nonlinear feedbacks, strategic interactions, individual and spatial heterogeneity, and varying time scales – pose substantial challenges for modeling. However, ignoring these characteristics can distort our picture of how these systems work, causing policies to be less effective or even counterproductive. In this paper we present recent developments in modeling social-ecological systems, illustrate some of these challenges with examples related to coral reefs and grasslands, and identify the implications for economic and policy analysis.

Item ID: 33531
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1469-4395
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2014 01:28
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060202 Community Ecology (excl Invasive Species Ecology) @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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