The exposure of Australian birds to climate change

Franklin, Donald C., Ehmke, Glenn, VanDerWal, Jeremy, and Garnett, Stephen T. (2014) The exposure of Australian birds to climate change. In: Garnett, Stephen T., and Franklin, Donald C., (eds.) Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, VIC, Australia, pp. 7-25.

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[Extract] Exposure of species to climate change may be defined as 'the extent of climate change likely to be experienced by a species' (Dawson et al. 2011). In descriptive terms this is relatively straightforward: in the places that a species occurs and for a given time frame, the climate is projected to change in a prescribed manner (for example mean temperature rising by 2°C and mean annual rainfall decreasing 10% over a period of 50 years). However, this may have quite different consequences for different species (Foden et al. 2008). For example, whilst reptiles (being ectothermic) may respond relatively directly to temperature (Kearney et al. 2008), birds (being endothermic) generally do not - the most notable exception being to extreme heat waves (McKechnie and Wolf 2010). However, temperature change may influence the persistence of bird species indirectly via several pathways (below). The Australian avifauna is ecologically diverse, ranging from small largely sedentary passerines to highly nomadic waterbirds and large wide ranging pelagic seabirds, and the experience of climate change will clearly differ between them.

Item ID: 33446
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-643-10802-8
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2015 04:47
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060809 Vertebrate Biology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures @ 100%
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