Mycoplasma genitalium: a review

Daley, G.M., Russell, D.B., Tabrizi, S.N., and McBride, J. (2014) Mycoplasma genitalium: a review. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 25 (7). pp. 475-487.

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Abstract

Mycoplasma genitalium (M. genitalium) was first isolated from the urethral swabs of two symptomatic men with urethritis in 1980. Published prevalence rates vary greatly between populations studied. A number of urogenital conditions have been ascribed to M. genitalium, which is recognised to cause a sexually transmitted infection. The association of M. genitalium with non-specific urethritis is now well established, but the evidence supporting its role in both male and female infertility remains inconclusive. Laboratory methods are challenging and there is a lack of test standardisation. The recommended treatment of the infection is azithromycin as a single 1gm dose. However, in recent years macrolide resistance has been observed. More studies are required to establish the clinical importance of M. genitalium in urogenital conditions, particularly infertility, and to establish the role for screening and treatment in high-risk populations.

Item ID: 33136
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0956-4624
Keywords: Mycoplasma genitalium, prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, resistance, screening, sexually transmitted infection
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2014 02:07
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110801 Medical Bacteriology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110324 Venereology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920119 Urogenital System and Disorders @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
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