Association of chronic kidney disease categories defined with different formulae with major adverse events in patients with peripheral vascular disease

Golledge, Jonathan, Ewels, Carla, Muller, Reinhold, and Walker, Phillip J. (2014) Association of chronic kidney disease categories defined with different formulae with major adverse events in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Atherosclerosis, 232 (2). pp. 289-297.

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the ability of eGFR calculated by modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and Lund-Malmö formulae in predicting major adverse events in peripheral vascular disease (PVD) patients.

Methods: We prospectively recruited 2137 patients, measured serum creatinine to calculate eGFR using three different formulae and grouped patients into eGFR categories ≥90, 60–89, 45–59, 30–44, 15–29 and <15 ml/min/1.73 m2. Patients were followed up for a median of 1.3 (inter-quartile range 0.3–3.6) years. The primary outcome was the combined incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke or death. The ability of eGFR categories defined with the different formulae to predict outcome was assessed using the net reclassification index.

Results: 1450 (67.9%), 1515 (70.9%) and 1813 (84.8%) patients had eGFR <90 ml/min/1.73 m2 according to the CKD-EPI, MDRD and Lund-Malmö formulae, respectively. Using the CKD-EPI formula 276 (12.9%) patients were reclassified to a different eGFR category in comparison to the MDRD formula and the prediction of outcome was improved (net reclassification index 0.106, p < 0.001). Using the Lund-Malmö formula 563 (26.3%) patients were reclassified to a different eGFR category in comparison to the MDRD formula and the prediction of outcome was improved (net reclassification index 0.108, p < 0.001). Classification using the CKD-EPI and Lund-Malmö formulae was equally effective at predicting outcome (net reclassification index - 0.002, p = 0.397).

Conclusions: eGFR categories determined with the CKD-EPI and Lund-Malmö formulae are equally effective at predicting major adverse events in patients with PVD.

Item ID: 33011
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-1484
Keywords: peripheral vascular disease; chronic kidney disease; estimated glomerular filtration rate
Funders: Queensland Government, Townsville Hospital Private Practice Fund, National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2014 09:59
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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