Temporal and Spatial Variations in spatial variations in symbiont communities of catch bowl coral Isopora palifera (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) on reefs in Kenting National Park, Taiwan

Hsu, Chia-Min, Keshavmurthy, Shashank, Denis, Vianney, Kuo, Chao-Yang, Wang, Jih-Terng, Meng, Pei-Jie, and Chen, Chaolun Allen (2012) Temporal and Spatial Variations in spatial variations in symbiont communities of catch bowl coral Isopora palifera (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) on reefs in Kenting National Park, Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 51 (8). pp. 1343-1353.

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Abstract

Acclimatization through Symbiodinium shuffling is one of potential mechanisms in reef-building corals to survive environmental stress. In our previous study, the catch bowl coral Isopora palifera in Tantzei Bay (TZB), Nanwan, Kenting National Park (KNP), southern Taiwan was demonstrated to shuffle thermal-tolerant Symbiodinium D1a and thermal-sensitive Symbiodinium C3 in response to seasonal variations in sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in 2000 and 2001. In this study, we reexamined the temporal dynamics of the Symbiodinium community of I. palifera in TZB in 2006-2009. In addition, spatial variations in Symbiodinium communities in I. palifera were also examined at 6 other sites of Nanwan, KNP in 2009, including a site located at a nuclear power plant outlet (NPP-OL) in southern Taiwan with a yearly mean SST 0.6-1.5 degrees C higher compared to the other sites. Phylotyping and DNA sequence analyses of Symbiodinium ribosomal 28S and ITS2 markers showed that I. palifera colonies at TZB continued to show seasonal shuffling, but shifted to thermal-sensitive type C3 dominant in 2006-2009. This differed from the symbiont community originally dominated by the thermal-tolerant Symbiodinium D1a in 2000 and 2001 after the 1998 mass-bleaching event. Significant differences in spatial variations of the symbiont community in Nanwan were detected with I. palifera colonies at the NPP-OL dominated by Symbiodinium D1a. Our study results suggest that I. palifera can acclimatize to SST anomalies by shuffling to thermal-tolerant Symbiodinium D1a and can revert to thermal-sensitive C3 when the stress disappears, but will maintain the thermally tolerant Symbiodinium D1a as the dominant symbiont if the heat stress continues.

Item ID: 32980
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1810-522X
Keywords: Isopora palifera, symbiont shuffling, temporal and spatial variations, thermal tolerance, acclimatization
Additional Information:

Zoological Studies is a SpringerOpen Journal. SpringerOpen journals are fully and immediately open access and will publish articles under the Creative Commons Attribution license.

Funders: Academia Sinica (AS), National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC)
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2014 09:23
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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