Coral reefs as novel ecosystems: embracing new futures

Graham, Nicholas A.J., Cinner, Joshua E., Norström, Albert V., and Nyström, Magnus (2014) Coral reefs as novel ecosystems: embracing new futures. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 7. pp. 9-14.

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Abstract

The composition and functions of many ecosystems are changing, giving rise to the concept of novel ecosystems. Although some coral reefs are becoming non-coral systems, others are becoming novel coral-dominated ecosystems driven principally by differential species responses to climate change and other drivers, but also due to species range shifts at higher latitudes, and in some cases introduced species. Returning many coral reefs to pristine baselines is unrealistic, whereas embracing novel futures enables more pragmatic approaches to maintaining or re-building the dominance of corals. Coral reefs are changing in unprecedented ways, providing the impetus to improve our understanding of reef compositions that may dominate in the future, explore new management approaches, assess changes in ecosystem services, and investigate how human societies can adapt and respond to novel futures.

Item ID: 32973
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1877-3435
Funders: Queensland Smart Futures Fund, Australian Research Council (ARC), Stockholm Resilience Centre, Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research (MISTRA) core grant
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2014 09:57
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050102 Ecosystem Function @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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