The Bellamy challenge: it's about time

Dobson, Geoffrey P., Letson, H.L., and Tadaki, D. (2014) The Bellamy challenge: it's about time. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 160. pp. 9-15.

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In 1984, Col. Ronald Bellamy launched a worldwide challenge to develop a new resuscitation fluid to aid survival after catastrophic blood loss on the battlefield. In 1996, after careful compromise among need, cube weight and efficacy, the US military and later coalition forces adopted 6% hetastarch (HES) fluids for early resuscitation. In the intervening years, evidence has amassed indicating that the HES fluids may not be safe, and in June 2013 the US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning that HES solutions should not be used to treat patients with hypovolaemia or the critically ill. We review the unique challenges of early battlefield resuscitation, why the 'Bellamy challenge' remains open and discuss a number of forward-looking strategies that may help to solve the problem. The first two pillars of resuscitation that we believe have not been adequately addressed are rescuing and stabilising the heart (and brain) and the vascular system. The 'ideal' resuscitation fluid needs to nurture the heart and body slowly back to health, and not 'shock' it a second time with unnatural colloids or large volumes of unphysiological saline-based solutions.

Item ID: 32886
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2052-0468
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2014 09:28
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110299 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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