Temporal adaptations in generic and population-specific quality of life and falls efficacy in men with recent lower-limb amputations

Barnett, Cleveland T., Vanicek, Natalie, and Polman, Remco C.J. (2013) Temporal adaptations in generic and population-specific quality of life and falls efficacy in men with recent lower-limb amputations. The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 50 (3). pp. 437-447.

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Abstract

This study examined the longitudinal changes in generic health-related quality of life (QOL), prosthesis-related QOL, falls efficacy, and walking speed in men with lower-limb amputations up to 6 months following discharge from rehabilitation. Seven male unilateral transtibial amputees completed the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, the Prosthesis Evaluation Questionnaire, and the Modified Falls Efficacy Scale at 1, 3, and 6 months postdischarge from rehabilitation. Walking speed was also recorded to objectively assess participants' mobility. Health-related QOL measures displayed increases, resulting in large effect sizes though not reaching statistical significance. Prosthesis-related QOL measures indicated that scales relating to the participants' prostheses improved and the support of significant others was the most positively scored variable. Walking speed increased by 0.12 m/s, although it was not significantly related to indices of QOL or falls efficacy. Falls efficacy did not improve significantly during the study period, although it was strongly related to QOL(p< 0.05). These results provide a novel insight into how QOL and falls efficacy develop in people with lower-limb amputations, alongside changes in mobility, after discharge from rehabilitation. Further improvements in physical health following discharge may be required to elicit subsequent increases in overall QOL and concurrent improvements in falls efficacy.

Item ID: 32869
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1938-1352
Keywords: amputee, adaptations, falls efficacy, longitudinal, mFES, PEQ, quality of life, rehabilitation, SF-36, transtibial
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 05:33
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110601 Biomechanics @ 70%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110604 Sports Medicine @ 30%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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