High-intensity cycle interval training improves cycling and running performance in triathletes

Etxebarria, Naroa, Anson, Judith M., Pyne, David B., and Ferguson, Richard A. (2014) High-intensity cycle interval training improves cycling and running performance in triathletes. European Journal of Sport Science, 14 (6). pp. 521-529.

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Abstract

Effective cycle training for triathlon is a challenge for coaches. We compared the effects of two variants of cycle high-intensity interval training (HIT) on triathlon-specific cycling and running. Fourteen moderately-trained male triathletes (_VO2peak 58.7 ± 8.1 mL kg − 1 min − 1; mean ± SD) completed on separate occasions a maximal incremental test (_VO2peak and maximal aerobic power), 16 × 20 s cycle sprints and a 1-h triathlon-specific cycle followed immediately by a 5 km run time trial. Participants were then pair-matched and assigned randomly to either a long high-intensity interval training (LONG)(6 – 8 × 5 min efforts) or short high-intensity interval training (SHORT) (9 – 11 × 10, 20 and 40 s efforts) HIT cycle training intervention. Six training sessions were completed over 3 weeks before participants repeated the baseline testing. Both groups had an ~ 7% increase in _VO2peak (SHORT 7.3%, ± 4.6%; mean, ± 90% confidence limits; LONG 7.5%, ± 1.7%). There was a moderate improvement in mean power for both the SHORT (10.3%, ± 4.4%) and LONG (10.7%, ± 6.8%) groups during the last eight 20-s sprints. There was a small to moderate decrease in heart rate, blood lactate and perceived exertion in both groups during the 1-h triathlon-specific cycling but only the LONG group had a substantial decrease in the subsequent 5-km run time (64, ± 59 s). Moderately-trained triathletes should use both short and long high-intensity intervals to improve cycling physiology and performance. Longer 5-min intervals on the bike are more likely to benefit 5 km running performance.

Item ID: 32858
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1746-1391
Keywords: variable power, Olympic distance triathlon, endurance, cycling
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 02:09
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 70%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110604 Sports Medicine @ 30%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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