Vegetation and soil characteristics as indicators of restoration trajectories in restored mangroves

Salmo, Severino G., Lovelock, Catherine, and Duke, Norman C. (2013) Vegetation and soil characteristics as indicators of restoration trajectories in restored mangroves. Hydrobiologia, 720 (1). pp. 1-18.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website:


We investigated the restoration trajectories in vegetation and soil parameters of monospecific Rhizophora mucronata stands planted 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, and 50 years ago (restored system). We tested the hypothesis that the changes in vegetation characteristics, with progressing mangrove age, are related to the changes in soil characteristics. The vegetation and soil parameters were compared across this restoration sequence using a reference system comprising mature, natural mangrove stands of unknown age. Rapid increases in leaf area index and aboveground biomass, and declines in tree density and size (in terms of tree diameter and height) occurred with increasing stand age. Soil organic matter, total nitrogen, and soil redox potential increased, and soil temperature decreased as stands aged. These patterns tended to stabilize at approximately the 11th year, indicating the probable age that restoration plots tend toward forest maturity. The time for the restored systems to reach forest maturity, attaining characteristics similar to the reference system, is estimated at 25 years, which is relatively slow compared to forest regeneration trajectories estimated for natural mangroves. Our study describes the trajectory patterns for planted mangroves, which are important for the assessment of both the progress and success of mangrove rehabilitation programs.

Item ID: 32800
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1573-5117
Keywords: mangroves, restoration, soil carbon, Rhizophora, space-for-time substitution, Philippines
Additional Information:

The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s10750-013-1617-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Funders: Ford Foundation , International Foundation for Science
Projects and Grants: FORD-IFP, IFS D/4667-1
Date Deposited: 20 May 2014 00:26
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 5
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page