Conducting a grounded theory study in a language other than English

Nurjannah, Intansari, Mills, Jane, Park, Tanya, and Usher, Kim (2014) Conducting a grounded theory study in a language other than English. SAGE Open, 4. pp. 1-10.

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Translation can be a problem area for researchers conducting qualitative studies in languages other than English who intend to publish the results in an English-language journal. Analyzing the data is also complex when the research team consists of people from different language backgrounds. Translation must be considered as an issue in its own right to maintain the integrity of the research, especially in a grounded theory study. In this article, we offer guidelines for the process of translation for data analysis in a grounded theory study in which the research was conducted in a language other than English (Indonesian). We make recommendations about procedures to choose when, who, and how to translate data. The translation procedure is divided into four steps which are as follows: translation in the process of coding, translation in the process of team discussion, translation in the process of advanced coding, and ensuring the accuracy of translation.

Item ID: 32756
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2158-2440
Keywords: grounded theory, language/linguistics, qualitative analysis, translation
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© The Author(s) 2014 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License ( which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (

Funders: Australian Development Scholarship
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2014 07:05
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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