Nominal and verbal temporal morphology in Ashéninka Perené (Arawak)

Mihas, Elena (2014) Nominal and verbal temporal morphology in Ashéninka Perené (Arawak). Acta Linguistica Hafniensia: International Journal of Linguistics, 1. pp. 1-30.

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Abstract

Drawing on extensive fieldwork, this article is a survey of temporal marking, with emphasis on nominal temporal morphology, in Ashéninka Perené, an Arawak language of the Peruvian Amazon. Specifically, it examines semantic, morphosyntactic and functional properties of nominal TAM and investigates formal and functional distinctions between nominal and verbal temporal systems. It is shown here that Ashéninka Perené exhibits independent (non-propositional) temporal marking expressed by a set of two forms, -ni "ceased existence" and = ranki "temporal precedence", "change of state", and "absent in the speaker's environment at the present moment". The study has revealed that the temporal markers can be each used in the same clause to mark independent nominal and propositional verbal TAM.

Item ID: 32577
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1949-0763
Keywords: Ashéninka Perené, Arawak, Amazonian, nominal temporal morphology
Funders: National Science Foundation (NSF), Endangered Languages Documentation Programm (ELDP), Firebird Foundation for Anthropological Research
Projects and Grants: NSF DDIG #0901196, ELDP SG 000
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2014 04:10
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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