The grammar of knowledge in Hinuq

Forker, Diana (2014) The grammar of knowledge in Hinuq. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R.M.W., (eds.) The Grammar of Knowledge: a cross-linguistic typology. Explorations in Linguistic Typology, 7 . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 52-68.

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[Extract] Hinuq belongs to the Tsezic sub-branch of the Nakh-Daghestanian language family. Most of its approximately 600 speakers live in the village of Hinuq in Daghestan (Russia), in the Caucasian mountains. Hinuq is an oral language used by Hinuq people within their own community as the basic means of everyday communication. All speakers over six years old speak Hinuq and Russian to various degrees. Most people also have a fair command of other neighbouring Nakh-Daghestanian languages such as Tsez, Bezhta, and Avar. Avar used to be a lingua franca in the region where Hinuq speakers live and is still taught at school as 'mother tongue.' However, during the last 50 years it has lost its important role and status, which has been gained by Russian.

Hinuq has a rich case system, with ergative alignment. The case system includes six grammatical and thirty-five spatial cases. Gender plays an important role in the grammar of Hinuq. Nouns belong to five genders. Various parts of speech (many verbs, some adjectives, very few adverbs, and all demonstrative pronouns) show agreement in gender and number. The verb is marked for gender/number agreement, tense, mood, aspect, and evidentiality, making up a paradigm with more than twenty simple and periphrastic forms.

Item ID: 32379
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-870131-6
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, James Cook University (JCU), Cairns Institute, James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: ARC Dicovery Project DP110103207 "The grammar of knowledge: a cross-linguistic view of evidentiality and epistemological expressions"
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 04:32
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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