Nominalization, knowledge, and information source in Aguaruna (Jivaroan)

Overall, Simon E. (2014) Nominalization, knowledge, and information source in Aguaruna (Jivaroan). In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R.M.W., (eds.) The Grammar of Knowledge: a cross-linguistic typology. Explorations in Linguistic Typology, 7 . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 227-244.

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[Extract] Aguaruna (known to its speakers as iiniá chicham) is a Jivaroan language spoken by about 55,000 people in north Peru (INEI 2009). Most speakers live in areas of native title along the Marañón River and its tributaries, in the department of Amazonas.

Aguaruna is nominative-accusative, and both head and dependent marking. The usual clause structure is predicate final, and this is obligatory in non-finite clauses. Clause chaining and tail-head linkage are integral to the structure of discourse and narratives.

The morphology in general is agglutinating with some cases of fusion, and it is almost entirely suffixing, with just one unproductive prefix position for some verbs. Widespread productive processes of vowel elision obscure the underlying regularity of much morphology; see Overall (2007, 2008) for details of the phonology. Surface forms are given in the examples, after vowel elision and other phonological processes have applied. 2

The analysis presented here has been formulated mainly on the basis of about twenty hours of text data collected in Amazonas, Peru, during 2004-06, augmented by elicitation and discussion with native speakers in subsequent trips in 2008 and 2012. The texts were transcribed, translated into Spanish, and then glossed, all with the assistance of native speakers of Aguaruna. They consist mainly of traditional stories, with some autobiographical material.

Item ID: 32372
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-870131-6
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, James Cook University (JCU), Cairns Institute, James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: ARC Dicovery Project DP110103207 "The grammar of knowledge: a cross-linguistic view of evidentiality and epistemological expressions"
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 06:38
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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