Are single-session smoking cessation groups a feasible option for rural Australia?: outcomes from a pilot study

Gould, Gillian S., and Watters, Tracey (2015) Are single-session smoking cessation groups a feasible option for rural Australia?: outcomes from a pilot study. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 10 (2). pp. 135-140.

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Abstract

Introduction: Single-session group smoking cessation interventions have received little attention in the literature.

Aims: This study aimed to test the feasibility and outcomes of a single-session large group smoking cessation intervention in a rural area of New South Wales.

Methods: Participants from a smoking cessation course (N = 42) were asked about cigarette consumption, quit attempts, and readiness and confidence to quit at registration and six months. The two-hour intervention occurred in a group setting and comprised of cognitive behaviour therapy and pharmacotherapy advice.

Results: The analysis revealed a 26.2% (N = 11) quit rate based on self-report and/or carbon monoxide validation at 6 months (intention to treat). Those who quit all used pharmacotherapy: eight (73%) Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT); two (18%) varenicline and one (9%) bupropion with NRT. Seven people (17%) used medicines to reduce consumption of cigarettes. A paired samples t test of those still smoking showed a statistically significant decrease in the numbers of cigarettes smoked per day (p<.001).

Conclusion: The quit rate of 26.2% from this large single-session smoking cessation course is comparable to that expected from groups having multiple sessions. As a pilot study, these data suggest that a multi-faceted single-session two-hour smoking cessation intervention can successfully support quit attempts in a rural location.

Item ID: 32185
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1834-2612
Keywords: smoking cessation, group therapy, rural smokers, low socio-economic smokers, tobacco treatment specialists, nicotine replacement therapy
Funders: Mid North Coast (NSW) Division of General Practice, Woodend Foundation
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2014 00:41
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111708 Health and Community Services @ 20%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine @ 80%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920414 Substance Abuse @ 50%
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