Immobilized organic photosensitizers with versatile reactivity for various visible-light applications

Ronzani, Filippo, Saint-Cricq, Philippe, Arzoumanian, Emmanuel, Pigot, Thierry, Blanc, Sylvie, Oelgemöller, Michael, Oliveros, Esther, Richard, Claire, and Lacombe, Sylvie (2014) Immobilized organic photosensitizers with versatile reactivity for various visible-light applications. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 90 (2). pp. 358-368.

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Abstract

Various photosensitizers were grafted by conventional peptide coupling methods to functionalized silica with several macroscopic shapes (powders, films) or embedded in highly transparent and microporous silica xerogel monoliths. Owing to the transparency and free-standing shape of the monoliths, the transient species arising from irradiation of the PSs could be analyzed and were not strikingly different from those observed in solutions. The observed reactivity for either liquid-solid (α-terpinene oxygenation vs dehydrogenation) or gas-solid (dimethylsulfide, DMS, solvent-free oxidation) reactions was consistent with the properties of the excited states of the PSs under consideration. Immobilized anthraquinone-derived materials preferentially react in both cases by electron transfer from the substrate to the triplet state of the sensitizer, in spite of an efficient singlet oxygen production. The recently developed 9,14-dicyanobenzo[b]triphenylene-3-carboxylic acid, DBTP-COOH, efficiently reacts via energy transfer to yield singlet oxygen from its triplet state. It was shown to perform better than 9,10-dicyanoanthracene and rose bengal for DMS oxidation and α-terpinene photooxygenation to ascaridole, respectively. Thus, by a proper choice of the organic immobilized photocatalyst, it is possible to develop efficient and reusable materials, activated under visible light, for various applications and to tune the reaction pathway, opening the way to green oxidation processes. The properties and applications of several silica materials, containing anthraquinone and cyanoanthracene derivatives as photosensitizers, have been investigated. Besides the photochemistry results, either for liquid α-terpinene or gaseous dimethylsulfide oxidation, the direct detection of the transient species and the determination of singlet oxygen lifetimes and quantum yields in highly transparent and porous silica monoliths were carried out. This overview allows a critical comparison of the properties of the sensitizers, and of various silica macrostructurations. The visible-light activity of these easily prepared materials opens the route to tunable green photochemistry.

Item ID: 31993
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1751-1097
Funders: L'Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR), Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Rechercherieur et de la Recherche (MESR), Conseil Régional d’Aquitaine
Projects and Grants: ANR 10-BLANC-0803
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2014 01:04
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030504 Organic Green Chemistry @ 40%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030505 Physical Organic Chemistry @ 60%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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