Tropical spiny lobster aquaculture development in Vietnam, Indonesia and Australia

Jones, Clive (2010) Tropical spiny lobster aquaculture development in Vietnam, Indonesia and Australia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 52 (2). pp. 304-315.

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Of the various tropical spiny lobster species in the Indo-West Pacific region, Panulirus ornatus and P. homarus are emerging as the favoured species for aquaculture. This is based on a number of factors including market demand and pricing, availability of naturally settling seed (for on-growing), development of hatchery technology, suitability for captive growout and adaptability to a variety of production systems. Production to date is based only on naturally settled puerulus which in some areas of Vietnam and Indonesia are particularly abundant and easily caught. In Vietnam, more than 1,500 tonnes of P.ornatus are farmed each year in sea cages, while in Indonesia lobster farming has begun in Lombok where large numbers of P. homarus seed settle each year. Further resources of seed are likely to be identified elsewhere in the archipelago. In Australia, exploitation of wild puerulus is uneconomic and the focus has been on hatchery technology which is now poised for commercialisation. Aquaculture production of lobsters is an attractive proposition worldwide, as the species are generally of high value, are in great demand and fishery production cannot be increased. Active research and development programs throughout the world have sought to develop this sector, but to date none have been successful, outside the developments referred to here. Tropical species of spiny lobster are likely to remain at the forefront of aquaculture production development because of the availability of wild seed, development of commercially viable hatcheries and their highly economic growout characteristics. This paper summarises the opportunity for tropical spiny lobster aquaculture, developments to date and the challenges yet to be overcome.

Item ID: 31648
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2321-7898
Keywords: lobster, Panulirus ornatus, P. homarus, aquaculture, puerulus
Funders: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
Projects and Grants: ACIAR FIS/2001/058, ACIAR SMAR/2008/021
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2014 06:24
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830106 Aquaculture Rock Lobster @ 100%
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