Violence, backpackers, security and critical realism

Botterill, David, Pointing, Shane, Hayes-Jonkers, Charmaine, Clough, Alan, Jones, Trevor, and Rodriguez, Cristina (2013) Violence, backpackers, security and critical realism. Annals of Tourism Research, 42. pp. 311-333.

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Abstract

This article provides a critical realist perspective on the juncture between tourism and crime in a city in Far Northern Queensland, Australia. The results of empirical studies into alcohol-related assault and sexual assault are presented and a micro-level study of the responses of the public safety community to assaults involving backpacker tourists in Cairns is reported. Backpacker motivations and values, the hidden sensitivities of tourism stakeholders to the projection of negative destination images, and the turn to a crime prevention framework are found as enduring tendencies in the data. Retroduction is applied to derive underlying mechanisms that offer an explanation of the public safety network responses in Cairns to assaults involving backpacker tourists. The mechanisms are 'un-reconciled tensions', 'acquiescence of transgression', and 'collusion of denial'. We summarize our realist explanations and consider their implications for other backpacker contexts.

Item ID: 31582
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0160-7383
Keywords: backpackers; violence; assault; community safety; critical realism
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2014 04:18
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1602 Criminology > 160201 Causes and Prevention of Crime @ 30%
15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1506 Tourism > 150606 Tourist Behaviour and Visitor Experience @ 70%
SEO Codes: 90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9003 Tourism > 900302 Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism @ 80%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940402 Crime Prevention @ 20%
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