Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs) regulate fatty acid binding protein-4 (FABP4) secretion in human monocytes and macrophages

Vangaveti, V., Malabu, U.H., Shashidhar, V., Baune, B.T., and Kennedy, R.L. (2011) Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs) regulate fatty acid binding protein-4 (FABP4) secretion in human monocytes and macrophages. In: Abstracts from the Endocrine Society of Australia (ESA) and the Australian Paediatric Endocrine Group (APEG) Annual Meeting. From: Endocrine Society of Australia (ESA) and the Australian Paediatric Endocrine Group (APEG) Annual Meeting 2011, 28-31 August 2011, Perth, WA, Australia.

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Abstract

9-HODE is an oxidation product of linoleic acid (LA, C18:2), is pro-inflammatory, and is a ligand for GPR132 which is involved in atherogenesis. By contrast, 13-HODE is protective and acts through PPARgamma. Plasma FABP4 is increased in diabetes and coronary artery disease. 9-HODE increases FABP4 expression in macrophages. We investigated whether GPR132 is a monocyte activation marker in diabetes, and if it mediates the effect of 9-HODE on FABP4. Monocyte populations from 31 type 2 diabetic patients and controls were studied using FACS. Plasma cytokines were measured using bead arrays and ELISA. THP-1 cells were used to investigate regulation of FABP4 secretion. Diabetic subjects had increased circulating CD14+, CD14+CD36+, CD14+CD11b+, CD14+CD54+ cells (p<0.01), and also increased GPR132 mRNA expression in CD14+ monocytes (p < 0.01). Levels of GPR132 expression did not correlate with any of the above cell populations, or with increased plasma levels of FABP4, sTNF-R, osteoprotegerin, MCP-1, resistin or leptin. FABP4 mRNA expression was markedly increased in both THP-1 monocytes and macrophages (differentiated with 100nM PMA) by 9-HODE and 13-HODE (all p < 0.001). 9-HODE (p < 0.01) and 13-HODE (p < 0.05) also increased GPR132 expression. The stimulatory effect of HODEs was replicated by the PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone (p<0.001). The PPARgamma antagonist T0070907 decreased the effect of all three ligands (p<0.001). Similar effects on FABP4 protein secretion were documented (ELISA). LA and alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3) were without effect on FABP4 mRNA or protein. GPR132 gene silencing using siRNA had no effect on increased FABP4 expression in response to 9-HODE, 13-HODE, or rosiglitazone. In conclusion, GPR132 is an independent activation marker for monocytes, but does not mediate the increase in FABP4 expression induced by 9-HODE. FABP4 secretion is regulated through PPARgamma. Study of the signaling functions of fatty acids may lead to new treatments for diabetes and atherosclerosis.

Item ID: 31418
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Keywords: HODEs, monocytes, macrophages, FABP4
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Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2014 04:52
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060103 Cell Development, Proliferation and Death @ 30%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110104 Medical Biochemistry: Lipids @ 20%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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