Evacuating hospitals in Australia: what lessons can we learn from the world literature?

Rojek, Amanda, and Little, Mark (2013) Evacuating hospitals in Australia: what lessons can we learn from the world literature? Emergency Medicine Australasia, 25 (6). pp. 496-502.

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Abstract

The creation of hospitals safe from disaster is an area of increasing public policy. The vulnerability of hospitals to damage and destruction during an event has profound implications for the health of a community. Although hospital evacuations do occur in Australia,their prevalence is unknown and what leads to a successful evacuation is poorly understood.This article reviewed the worldwide hospital evacuation literature to determine the prevalence of hospital evacuations and common precipitants for evacuation. Factors leading to safe evacuation and areas of ongoing challenge were identified. The findings highlight the need for more structured and detailed reporting of hospital responses to disaster. A number of lessons can be learned from hospitals that have experienced evacuation. Most critically, all hospitals must have a practised, detailed hospital evacuation plan existing before an impending threat. There are also areas for improvement in the areas of assessing the risk to the facility, communications, leadership, logistics, staffing and planning. These lessons should be included into comprehensive, detailed evacuation plans for all Australian hospitals, supported by a national framework that standardises planning and response.

Item ID: 31122
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: disaster medicine, hospital evacuation, natural disaster
ISSN: 1742-6723
Date Deposited: 24 May 2014 06:49
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111709 Health Care Administration @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920207 Health Policy Evaluation @ 100%
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