Exercise is medicine: case report of a woman with smoldering multiple myeloma

Boullosa, Daniel A., Abreu, Laurinda, Tonello, Lais, Hofmann, Peter, and Leicht, Anthony S. (2013) Exercise is medicine: case report of a woman with smoldering multiple myeloma. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 (7). pp. 1223-1228.

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of a supervised training program on the changes in serum monoclonal protein level (i.e., IgG), percentage of bone marrow plasma cells (BMPCs), fitness performance, and cardiac autonomic control (i.e., HR variability [HRV] and HR complexity [HRC]) in a female diagnosed with smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM). Methods: A middle-age female patient with smoldering multiple myeloma and former elite athlete was monitored for 4 yr while participating in a supervised multimodal training regimen designed for the development of various physical capacities. The patient had the possibility of self-selection of daily training volume. Changes in fitness components, IgG levels, and BMPCs were evaluated throughout a 4-yr monitoring period (i.e., follow-up). HRV was examined via 24-h HR recordings during a 6-wk period at the second and the third year of the follow-up. Results: Exercise performance in all fitness components was improved while IgG levels and BMPCs decreased (from 2.53 to 1.84 g·dL⁻¹ and from 20% to 10%, respectively). Time and frequency domain HRV parameters exhibited significant increases (18%–29%) with HRC remaining unchanged. Conclusions: The current case report results indicated that a multimodal training program designed for the development of various physical capacities improved exercise performance, hematological function, and cardiac autonomic control that may improve long-term prognosis for SMM. Examination of similar exercise training regimens for hematological and other cancer populations may assist in the development of simple nonpharmacological treatments for improved prognosis.

Item ID: 31070
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1530-0315
Keywords: hematological cancer; high intensity training; concurrent training; therapy; autonomic control
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2014 01:21
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920102 Cancer and Related Disorders @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being) @ 50%
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