Enantioselectivity of (321) chiral noble metal surfaces: a density functional theory study of lactate adsorption

Franke, J-H., and Kosov, D.S. (2013) Enantioselectivity of (321) chiral noble metal surfaces: a density functional theory study of lactate adsorption. Journal of Chemical Physics, 139 (22). 224709. pp. 1-5.

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The adsorption of the chiral molecule lactate on the intrinsically chiral noble metal surfaces Pt(321), Au(321), and Ag(321) is studied by density functional theory calculations. We use the oPBE-vdW functional which includes van der Waals forces on an ab initio level. It is shown that the molecule binds via its carboxyl and the hydroxyl oxygen atoms to the surface. The binding energy is larger on Pt(321) and Ag(321) than on Au(321). An analysis of the contributions to the binding energy of the different molecular functional groups reveals that the deprotonated carboxyl group contributes most to the binding energy, with a much smaller contribution of the hydroxyl group. The Pt(321) surface shows considerable enantioselectivity of 0.06 eV. On Au(321) and Ag(321) it is much smaller if not vanishing. The chiral selectivity of the Pt(321) surface can be explained by two factors. First, it derives from the difference in van der Waals attraction of L- and D-lactate to the surface that we trace to differences in the binding energy of the methyl group. Second, the multi-point binding pattern for lactate on the Pt(321) surface is sterically more sensitive to surface chirality and also leads to large binding energy contributions of the hydroxyl group. We also calculate the charge transfer to the molecule and the work function to gauge changes in electronic structure of the adsorbed molecule. The work function is lowered by 0.8 eV on Pt(321) with much smaller changes on Au(321) and Ag(321).

Item ID: 31005
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1089-7690
Funders: Francqui Foundation , Programme d'Actions de Recherche Concertee de la Communaute Francaise, Belgium
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2014 23:11
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0204 Condensed Matter Physics > 020403 Condensed Matter Modelling and Density Functional Theory @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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