Agriculture, biodiversity and markets

Lockie, Stewart, and Carpenter, David (2010) Agriculture, biodiversity and markets. In: Lockie, Stewart, and Carpenter, David, (eds.) Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets: livelihoods and agroecology in comparative perspective. Earthscan Publications, London, UK, pp. 1-14.

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[Extract] It is widely accepted that the sustainability of the global ecosystem in general, and of agriculture in particular, is dependent on the preservation, enhancement, and exploitation of biological diversity. Biological diversity - both wild and cultivated - underwrites the sustainability of agricultural production through the provision of the raw genetic material needed to drive innovation and adaptation, and through the provision of ecosystem processes and services that play important functional roles in agricultural systems. Agricultural biodiversity - or agrobiodiversity - plays a pivotal role in the livelihoods of all farmers regardless of resource endowment or geographical location. It provides the basic resources farmers need to adapt to varying conditions in marginal environments and the resources required to increase productivity in favourable areas. Clearly, there is a very close relationship between biodiversity and the livelihoods and well-being of agricultural communities. The need to protect and enhance agricultural biodiversity seems obvious. But what exactly does it meant to protect and enhance agricultural biodiversity? And how is this best achieved? As compelling as the case for agrobiodiversity may appear, these seemingly simple and straightforward questions demand complex and wide-ranging answers.

Item ID: 30875
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-84407-776-2
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2014 05:56
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment @ 60%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960504 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments @ 60%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960609 Sustainability Indicators @ 20%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960704 Land Stewardship @ 20%
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