Ternary effects on the gas exchange of isotopologues of carbon dioxide

Farquhar, Graham D., and Cernusak, Lucas A. (2012) Ternary effects on the gas exchange of isotopologues of carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell & Environment, 35 (7). pp. 1221-1231.

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The ternary effects of transpiration rate on the rate of assimilation of carbon dioxide through stomata, and on the calculation of the intercellular concentration of carbon dioxide, are now included in standard gas exchange studies. However, the equations for carbon isotope discrimination and for the exchange of oxygen isotopologues of carbon dioxide ignore ternary effects. Here we introduce equations to take them into account. The ternary effect is greatest when the leaf-to-air vapour mole fraction difference is greatest, and its impact is greatest on parameters derived by difference, such as the mesophyll resistance to CO2 assimilation, rm. We show that the mesophyll resistance to CO2 assimilation has been underestimated in the past. The impact is also large when there is a large difference in isotopic composition between the CO2 inside the leaf and that in the air. We show that this partially reconciles estimates of the oxygen isotopic composition of CO2 in the chloroplast and mitochondria in the light and in the dark, with values close to equilibrium with the estimated oxygen isotopic composition of water at the sites of evaporation within the leaf.

Item ID: 30281
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-3040
Keywords: carbon isotope discrimination; gaseous diffusion
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2013 09:33
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060705 Plant Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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