Diversity and levels of endemism of the Bromeliaceae of Costa Rica: an updated checklist

González, Daniel A. Cáceres, Schulte, Katharina, Schmidt, Marco, and Zizka, Georg (2013) Diversity and levels of endemism of the Bromeliaceae of Costa Rica: an updated checklist. Phytokeys, 29. pp. 17-61.

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Abstract

An updated inventory of the Bromeliaceae for Costa Rica is presented including citations of representative specimens for each species. The family comprises 18 genera and 198 species in Costa Rica, 32 species being endemic to the country. Additional 36 species are endemic to Costa Rica and Panama. Only 4 of the 8 bromeliad subfamilies occur in Costa Rica, with a strong predominance of Tillandsioideae (7 genera/150 spp.; 75.7% of all bromeliad species in Costa Rica). 124 species (62.6%) grow exclusively epiphytic, additional 59 spp. (29.8%) are facultative epiphytes. The most diverse genus is Werauhia, with 59 species (29.8% of the Costa Rican bromeliad flora), followed by Tillandsia with 40 species (20.2%) and Guzmania with 28 spp. (8.6%).

Item ID: 30214
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1314-2003
Keywords: Central America, epiphytism, life-form, systematic diversity
Additional Information:

©2013 Daniel A. Cáceres González. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract (Spanish): Es presentada una lista de chequeo actualizada de 18 géneros y 198 especies de Bromeliaceae conocidas de Costa Rica. Por consiguiente, las bromelias endémicas de Costa Rica, ahora comprenden 32 especies. Adicionalmente, 36 especies tienen un endemismo compartido con Panamá. Sólo 4 de las 8 subfamilias actualmente reconocidas ocurren en Costa Rica con fuerte predominio de Tillandsioideae (7 géneros/150 spp.; 75.7% del total de especies de bromelias de Costa Rica). 124 especies (62.6%) crecen como epífita, 59 especies adicionales (29.8%) son epifitas facultativas. El género mejor representado es Werauhia, con 59 especies (29.8% de la flora de bromelias de Costa Rica), seguido por Tillandsia con 40 spp. (20.2%) y Guzmania con 28 especies (8.6%).

Funders: German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Goethe Graduate Academy (GRADE), German Research Foundation, Hessian initiative for the development of scientific and economic excellence (LOEWE), Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Germany
Projects and Grants: German Research Foundation (DFG Zi 557/6-2, 557/7-1)
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2013 06:43
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060310 Plant Systematics and Taxonomy @ 30%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 40%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960810 Mountain and High Country Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 50%
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