In vivo assessment of caries excavation with a fluorescence camera compared to direct bacteriological sampling and quantitative analysis using flow cytometry

Stoll, Richard, Urban-Klein, Beata, Giacomin, Paul, Loukas, Alex, and Jablonski-Momeni, Anahita (2015) In vivo assessment of caries excavation with a fluorescence camera compared to direct bacteriological sampling and quantitative analysis using flow cytometry. Lasers in Medical Science, 30 (2). pp. 843-849.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the fluorescence camera device VistaCam iX (VC) for the control of caries excavation compared to visual assessment and bacteriological evaluation. Twenty-three patients with 32 dentinal carious lesions were included in the study. The lesions were classified using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Fluorescence images were taken at the surface of each lesion using the VC before excavation (stage 1), during (stage 2) and after excavation (stage 3). At each stage, dentine samples were collected. All cavities were closed after excavation using permanent fillings. Bacteria were counted within each dentine sample using flow cytometry. Significant moderate correlation between the fluorescence readings and the bacteria count was found at stage 3 (Spearman correlation coefficient r s = 0.40, p = 0.027). Area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated for fluorescence readings and bacteria count using the clinical status at stage 3 as a reference. AUC was 0.954 for the VC readings and 0.797 for bacteria count. Using the median bacteria count at stage 3 as a reference, the AUC for the fluorescence readings was 0.753. The results indicate that the fluorescence camera appears to be a useful supplementary tool in assessing the endpoint of caries excavation with the advantage of enabling data to be digitally visualized and stored. When an experienced dental clinician determined the excavation endpoint, the performance with respect to remaining bacteria count was good.

Item ID: 30107
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1435-604X
Keywords: fluorescence-based camera; caries removal; flow cytometry; bacteria counting
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 00:59
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110505 Oral Medicine and Pathology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920113 Oro-Dental Disorders @ 100%
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