Cardiotoxic effects of venoms from Chironex fleckeri and Chiropsalmus sp. on an invertebrate model

Carrette, T., and Seymour, J. (2006) Cardiotoxic effects of venoms from Chironex fleckeri and Chiropsalmus sp. on an invertebrate model. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 12 (2). pp. 245-254.

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Extracted venoms from two species of cubozoan, Chironex fleckeri (C. fleckeri)and Chiropsalmus sp., were injected into the freshwater crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (C. quadricarinatus). By means of a Vascular Doppler, the cardiac parameters heart rate and contraction amplitude were recorded, with the theoretical total heart output calculated from these two recordings. Cherax quadricarinatus reflects prey items utilized by these two species in the wild and so comparisons of venom action on this animal have greater ecological relevance than those of previous mammalian models used. While the results of this study reflect previous research showing that the overall potency of C. fleckeri venom is greater than that of Chiropsalmus sp. venom, the action of the venoms on the heart muscle is found to be different. Chironex fleckeri,which has the most potent venom out of these two species, is actually less effective in reducing cardiac activity than Chiropsalmus sp., which may be a direct reflection of the variation in primary prey utilized by each species.

Item ID: 30067
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1678-9199
Keywords: cubozoan; venom; cardiac function; Cherax quadricarinatus; Chironex fleckeri; Chiropsalmus sp.
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Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2013 00:07
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110299 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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