Diabetes epidemic in the Asia Pacific region: has hemoglobin A1C finally earned its place as a diagnostic tool?

Bagley, Alexandra, and Malabu, Usman (2014) Diabetes epidemic in the Asia Pacific region: has hemoglobin A1C finally earned its place as a diagnostic tool? Asia Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 4 (2). pp. 85-89.

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Abstract

Two-third of the world's population lives in the Asia Pacific region where prevalence of diabetes has reached epidemic proportion. With China and India being the most populous nations on the globe, it is believed that over 150 million diabetics reside in the region with more than 95 per cent being of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Furthermore, other Pacific islands in the region have high rates of T2DM including Tonga, Fiji, French Polynesia, and Nauru. The latter has the highest prevalence of T2DM per population in the world. Over the past two decades in Australia and New Zealand, the prevalence of T2DM has more than doubled, mainly amongst the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) and Maori peoples respectively. With the increasing prevalence of diabetes in the Asia Pacific region coupled with the limited number of resources, use of a reliable and effective mode of diagnosis for T2DM is warranted. Yet to date, only New Zealand has adopted the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommendation of using haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of the disease. The aim of this review is to discuss the clinical usefulness of HbA1c and highlight its diagnostic role in the Asia Pacific region where T2DM is increasingly encountered.

Item ID: 30048
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: hemoglobin A1C, diagnostic tool, Asia Pacific region
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ISSN: 2221-1691
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: JCU Faculty Research Grant no. JCU-ECR 6250-2013
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2013 06:27
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110306 Endocrinology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes @ 100%
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