Granulites, CO2 and graphite

Huizenga, Jan Marten, and Touret, Jacques L.R. (2012) Granulites, CO2 and graphite. Gondwana Research, 22 (3-4). pp. 799-809.

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Externally derived, pure CO2 that mixes with a carbon-(under)saturated C-O-H -fluid in lower crustal granulites may result in graphite precipitation if the host-rock oxygen fugacity (f(O2)^rock) is below the upper f(O2) limit of graphite. The maximum relative amount of graphite that can precipitate varies between a few mol% up to more than 25 mol%, depending on pressure, temperature, and host-rock redox state. The maximum relative amount of graphite that can precipitate from an infiltrating CO2 fluid into a dry granulite (C-O fluid system) varies between zero and a few mol%. Thermodynamic evaluation of the graphite precipitation process shows that CO2 infiltration into lower crustal rocks does not always result in a carbon (super)saturated fluid. In that case, graphite precipitation is only possible if carbon saturation can be reached as a result of the reaction CO2 → CO + ½ O2. Graphite that has been precipitated during granulite facies metamorphic conditions can subsequently be absorbed by a C-O-H fluid during retrograde metamorphism. It is also possible, however, that significant amounts of graphite precipitate from a C-O-H fluid during retrograde metamorphism. This study shows that interpreting the presence or absence of graphite in granulites with respect to CO2 infiltration requires detailed information on the P–T–f(O2)^rock conditions, the relative amount of CO2 that infiltrates into the rock, and whether H2O is present or not.

Item ID: 29829
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1342-937X
Keywords: graphite precipitation, CO2, C-O-H fluid, granulite, petrology, tectonics
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2013 09:36
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040299 Geochemistry not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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