Crown ethers as stabilising ligands for oxonium ions

Junk, Peter C. (2008) Crown ethers as stabilising ligands for oxonium ions. New Journal of Chemistry, 32 (5). pp. 762-773.

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Oxonium ions (H(+)center dot(H(2)O)(n)) can be stabilised and isolated in the solid state by using crown ethers of differing sizes. Crown ethers can act as very good hydrogen bond acceptors for the binding of oxonium ions. It has been reasonably well established that 18C6 binds the H(3)O(+) oxonium ion almost selectively in the cavity of the crown, while for the smaller crown ethers 12C4 and 15C5 the macrocycles generally span successive oxonium ions of varying nuclearity (H(3)O(+), H(5)O(2)(+), H(7)O(3)(+) and H(9)O(4)(+)) to form hydrogen bonded polymers. Crown ethers larger than 18C6, e. g. 21C7 and 24C8 can bind H(5)O(2)(+) ions on the face of the crowns, while 30C10 appears to prefer two molecules of H(3)O(+) in the cavity. It is the intention of this perspective to review the literature involving the solid state interactions of crown ether complexes involving oxonium ions.

Item ID: 29630
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1369-9261
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2013 10:34
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030205 Non-metal Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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