Mechanical properties of recycled plastic fibres for reinforcing concrete

Yin, Shi, Tuladhar, Rabin, Combe, Mark, Collister, Tony, Jacob, Mohan, and Shanks, Robert (2013) Mechanical properties of recycled plastic fibres for reinforcing concrete. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference Fibre Concrete, pp. 1-10. From: 7th International Conference Fibre Concrete, September 12-13 2013, Prague, Czech Republic.

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Abstract

With the increase in the general awareness of waste management, recycled plastic fibre reinforced concrete has attracted widespread attention. However, the production of recycled plastic with sufficient mechanical properties is still a major challenge. This research focuses on improving the tensile strength and Young's modulus of recycled polypropylene (PP) fibres produced through a hot drawing process. The mechanical properties of the mixture of 50% recycled PP and 50% virgin PP were compared with 100% virgin and 100% recycled plastic fibres. The 100% recycled PP fibres achieved tensile strength of 310 MPa and Young's modulus of 620 MPa. The combination of recycled (50%) and virgin PP (50%) showed significant improvement in young's modulus (800MPa). Tensile strength was found to increase to 360MPa.

The Crystalline structure and crystallinity of the PP fibres were studied to explore the effects of hot drawing process on the mechanical properties of the PP fibres. The hot drawing process increased the crystallinity from 50% to over 80%. Both alpha and beta form crystals were found in all the plastic fibres, but recycled PP fibre contained more beta form crystals than the virgin PP fibres, resulting in lower young's modulus.

Item ID: 29588
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: recycled polypropylene fibre, concrete, mechanical properties, crystalline degree, crystalline structure
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ISBN: 978-80-01-05239-6
Date Deposited: 05 May 2014 23:21
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics @ 50%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8703 Construction Materials Performance and Processes > 870303 Polymeric Materials (e.g. Paints) @ 50%
87 CONSTRUCTION > 8703 Construction Materials Performance and Processes > 870301 Cement and Concrete Materials @ 50%
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