Affective and self-efficacy responses to acute exercise in sedentary postmenopausal women

Barnett, F. (2009) Affective and self-efficacy responses to acute exercise in sedentary postmenopausal women. In: Maturitas (63) S99-S99. From: 8th European Congress on Menopause, 16-20 May 2009, London, UK.

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Abstract

Objectives: Positive psychological outcomes associated with an acute exercise bout may influence future exercise behaviour in postmenopausal women. Affective responses to exercise are influenced by many factors including self-efficacy, whereby individuals with greater self-efficacy demonstrate more positive affective responses following exercise. This study examined the psychological responses to an acute exercise bout in sedentary postmenopausal women.

Methods: Twenty five (mean age 55.7±5.7yrs) participants completed a 20-minute bout of stationary cycling at 60% of VO2max. Affective responses were assessed prior to, during and immediately following exercise. Task-specific self-efficacy was also assessed prior to and immediately following exercise.

Results: Participants reported significantly higher self-efficacy immediately following exercise (F(1,24) = 55.3, p = 0.00). Participants also demonstrated a significant increase in tranquillity, positive engagement and revitalisation immediately following compared to prior to and during exercise. A significant correlation was found between postexercise self-efficacy and tranquillity during exercise (r=0.486, p=0.01) and post exercise (r=0.397, p=0.05). A significant correlation was also found between post exercise self-efficacy and postexercise revitalisation (r=0.587, p=0.00) and physical exhaustion (r=-0.604, p=0.00).

Conclusions: Results suggest that postmenopausal women with higher postexercise self-efficacy have greater feelings of tranquillity and revitalisation during exercise and greater feelings of tranquillity and less fatigue immediately following exercise. Giving non-exercising postmenopausal women the opportunity to successfully complete previously unfamiliar exercise activities may promote a sense of accomplishment and the perception that exercise can be an enjoyable experience.

Item ID: 29565
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
ISSN: 1873-4111
Keywords: exercise-induced affect; self-efficacy
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Abstracts from 8th European Congress on Menopause (EMAS) published in Maturitas 63, Supplement 1 (2009) S1–S136.

Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 00:03
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920507 Womens Health @ 100%
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