Assessment of in vivo oxidative lipid metabolism following acute microcystin-LR-induced hepatotoxicity in rats

Towner, Rheal A., Sturgeon, Sharelle A., and Hore, Kristin E. (2002) Assessment of in vivo oxidative lipid metabolism following acute microcystin-LR-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Free Radical Research, 36 (1). pp. 63-71.

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Oxidative lipid metabolism as a result of acute cyanobacterial toxin-induced hepatotoxicity was monitored in male Sprague-Dawley rats using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and image-guided proton nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H-NMR) spectroscopy. ESR spectroscopy, coupled with spin trapping, was used to trap and detect lipid-derived radicals, formed in rat livers after acute in vivo exposure (LD₅₀) to the cyanobacterial toxin, microcystin-LR (MCLR). A statistically significant increase in the levels (spectral peak integrals) of lipid radicals was detected in MCLR-treated livers (p <0.05) (n =8), in comparison to control livers (n =6). In order to monitor lipid metabolism, before and for a period of 3h, following toxin exposure, in vivo proton image-guided NMR spectroscopy was used. A statistically significant decrease in the levels of lipid methylene hydrogen resonances (spectral peak integrals) was observed from MCLR-treated livers (n =6) 2 and 3h post-exposure (p <0.05), in comparison to controls (n =6). Image-guided NMR spectroscopy was also used to detect significant decreasing levels of in vivo glutamine/glutamate, following exposure to MCLR. Biochemical assessment of perchloric extracts of liver glutamine and glutamate levels correlated with NMR spectroscopy results. Lactate levels measured as perchloric acid extracts, were also found to significantly decrease. In addition, assessment of serum enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were used to confirm hepatotoxicity (n=20). This study strongly suggests that oxidative stress related processes are involved in in vivo microcystin-induced hepatotoxicity in mammals,and may play an integral role in MCLR-induced toxicity.

Item ID: 29225
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1029-2470
Keywords: electron spin resonance, spectroscopy, spin trapping, free radicals, nuclear magnetic resonance hepatotoxicity, microcystins
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2013 22:49
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060199 Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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