A newly developed ELISA showing the effect of environmental stress on levels of hsp86 in Cherax quadricarinatus and Penaeus monodon

Cimino, Elizabeth J., Owens, Leigh, Bromage, Erin, and Anderson, Trevor A. (2002) A newly developed ELISA showing the effect of environmental stress on levels of hsp86 in Cherax quadricarinatus and Penaeus monodon. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A - Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 132 (3). pp. 591-598.

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Abstract

The induction of hsps by stress in Cherax quadricarinatus and Penaeus monodon was investigated using SDS-PAGE, Western blotting and ELISA techniques. Western blotting showed the presence of an immuno-reactive protein to mouse α-human hsp70 IgG1 monoclonal antibody at a mass of 86 kDa (hsp86) in pleopod samples but was not sensitive enough to detect differences in response to stress. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed using this antibody for the detection of hsp86 in the pleopods of C.quadricarinatus and P. monodon. Using this assay, significantly higher levels of hsp86 were detected in hyperthermally stressed C. quadricarinatus (21 to 70 g) and P. monodon (14 to 32 g) and hypoosmotically stressed P. monodon (14 to 32 g). Male C. quadricarinatus and P. monodon were thermally stressed with an increase in temperature from 24 to 33 °C for a period of 2 h then a recovery period of 6 h. SDS-PAGE gels of thermally stressed C. quadricarinatus and P. monodon samples revealed an increase in protein band intensity at 97 kDa (C. quadricarinatus) and 43 and 35 kDa in P. monodon. A 25 kDa mass protein was induced in C. quadricarinatus when thermally stressed. P. monodon were osmotically stressed with a decrease from 31 to 15 ppt for 2 h with a recovery of 6 h. SDS-PAGE gels revealed increased intensity of bands at 35 and 43 kDa and a 100 kDa band was induced demonstrating a wide range response of protein profile to stress in these species. SDS-PAGE gels of both species investigated also revealed an apparent reduction in band intensity of the haemocyanin subunits in stressed samples. The ELISA described here constitutes the first quantitative assay for the detection of a hsp in crustaceans and the following investigations are believed to be the first to describe the response of hsps to stress in C. quadricarinatus and P. monodon. In doing so, they provide a sound basis for future studies of the role of hsps in physiological functions in commercially cultured crustaceans.

Item ID: 29223
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-6433
Keywords: heat shock proteins, Penaeus monodon, Cherax quadricarinatus, ELISA, hyperthermia, hypoosmotic, stress, monoclonal antibodies, SDS-PAGE
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2013 23:00
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070405 Fish Physiology and Genetics @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 50%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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