Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in acute human melioidosis

Ramsay, S.C., Ketheesan, N., Norton, R., Watson, A.-M., and LaBrooy, J. (2002) Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in acute human melioidosis. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 21 (7). pp. 566-568.

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Abstract

[Extract] Melioidosis is a gram-negative bacterial infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. Although it often occurs in individuals with coexistent disease predisposing to immunosupression, it also occurs in apparently normal individuals [1]. As it has been shown to be a facultative intracellular pathogen [2], it can therefore evade many of the normal immunological defence mechanisms. However, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. In human melioidosis clinical studies have demonstrated elevation of TNF-alpha [3], IFN-gamma, IL-2 [4], IL-6, and IL-10 [3] as well as other cytokines and chemokines. Hyperproduction of proinflammatory cytokines is associated with lethality [3]. Studies using a mouse model have (i) shown that eradication of Burkholderia pseudomallei in vitro requires the interaction of cells of the monocyte series with lymphocytes [5], (ii) have demonstrated the absolute dependence of resistance to Burkholderia pseudomallei on IFN-gamma [6], and (iii) shown that NK cells and CD8+ lymphocytes are the sources of this IFN-gamma [7]. In view of these findings, reduction in lymphocyte numbers or function may be important for the survival of this pathogen.

Item ID: 29204
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1435-4373
Keywords: blood diseases, melioidosis, lymphocyte, bacterial infection
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2013 23:21
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060599 Microbiology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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