Telomerase activity of basal cell carcinoma in patients living in North Queensland, Australia

Saleh, Said, Lam, Alfred King-Yin, Buettner, Petra Gertraud, Glasby, Margaret, Raasch, Beverly, and Ho, Yik-Hong (2007) Telomerase activity of basal cell carcinoma in patients living in North Queensland, Australia. Human Pathology, 38 (7). pp. 1023-1029.

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Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer in North Queensland, Australia. The role of telomerase in BCC has not been investigated in this region. The objective of the study was to investigate the expression levels of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and telomerase activity in nodular BCCs and superficial BCCs from patients living in North Queensland. Matched tumor and adjacent nontumorous mucosa samples from 12 BCCs (7 nodular and 5 superficial) among 11 male patients were collected. In these samples, RNA was extracted and then transcribed to complementary DNA. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to quantify the expression levels of hTERT messenger RNA (mRNA). In addition, telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay, a PCR-based method, was performed to detect telomerase activity in tissue extracts from these samples. The findings were correlated with the clinicopathologic features of patients with these tumors. All BCC samples expressed telomerase hTERT mRNA, and 75% (9/12) of the BCC samples showed telomerase activity. The mean level of expression among BCC samples was higher than that among matched nontumor samples (mean, 0.468 versus 0.140; P < .0001). Nodular BCC samples showed higher expression levels of hTERT mRNA as compared with superficial BCC samples (mean, 0.584 versus 0.305; P < .05). There was no significant association between expression of hTERT mRNA and tumor size. In conclusion, this study is the first on telomerase expression in BCC in Queensland as well as the first to analyze telomerase in BCC by quantitative PCR. The results indicate that telomerase alterations have an important role in the pathogenesis of BCCs. A unique finding is that the telomerase expression level in nodular BCCs is different from that in superficial BCCs.

Item ID: 2919
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: basal cell carcinoma; telomerase; skin cancer
ISSN: 1532-8392
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2009 03:57
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis > 111299 Oncology and Carcinogenesis not elsewhere classified @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110199 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics not elsewhere classified @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 10%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920102 Cancer and Related Disorders @ 100%
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