A cross-sectional analysis of participation in National Bowel Cancer Screening Program in Adelaide by age, gender and geographical location of residence

Javanparast, Sara, Ward, Paul R., Cole, Stephen, Gill, Tiffany, Ah Matt, Michelle, Aylward, Paul, Baratiny, Genevieve, Jiwa, Moyez, Martini, Angelita, Misan, Gary, Tsourtos, George, Wilson, Carlene, and Young, Graeme (2010) A cross-sectional analysis of participation in National Bowel Cancer Screening Program in Adelaide by age, gender and geographical location of residence. Australasian Medical Journal, 1 (1). pp. 141-146.

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View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.4066/AMJ.2010.198
 
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Abstract

Background: The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) is a population-based screening program based on a mailed screening invitation and immunochemical faecal occult blood test. Initial published evidence from the NBCSP concurs with international evidence on similar colorectal cancer screening programs about the unequal participation by different population sub-groups. The aim of the paper is to present a cross-sectional analysis of participation in the NBCSP for Adelaide, in order to identify geographical areas and population groups which may benefit from targeted approaches to increase participation rates in colorectal cancer screening.

Method: De-identified data from the NBCSP (February 2007 to July 2008) were provided by Medicare Australia. Mapping and analysis of the NBCSP data was performed using ESRI ArcGIS software, MapInfo, Microsoft Access and Microsoft Excel. Data was aggregated to postcode and participation was then mapped according to overall participation rates, sex and age.

Results: The overall participation rate was 46.9%, although this differed by age, gender and geographical location. Maps provided in the paper reveal a socio-economic patterning of participation in the NBCSP, whereby areas with higher participation rates are also more affluent, whereas areas with lower participation rates tend to be more disadvantaged.

Conclusion: Findings from this study suggest inequities in participation in the NBCSP on the basis of gender, geographical location, and socio-economic status.

Item ID: 29136
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1836-1935
Keywords: bowel cancer screening; equity of participation; socioeconomic status; gender; age; geographical location
Funders: SA Health Strategic Health Research Program
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2014 23:40
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 34%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine @ 34%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 32%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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