Synthesis and structures of calcium and strontium 2,4-di-tert-butylphenolates and their reactivity towards the amine co-initiated ring-opening polymerisation of rac-lactide

Clark, Lawrence, Deacon, Glen B., Forsyth, Craig M., Junk, Peter C., Mountford, Philip, Townley, Josh P., and Wang, Jun (2013) Synthesis and structures of calcium and strontium 2,4-di-tert-butylphenolates and their reactivity towards the amine co-initiated ring-opening polymerisation of rac-lactide. Dalton Transactions, 42 (25). pp. 9294-9312.

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Abstract

Calcium and strontium metals react with Hg(C6F5)(2) and 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (H-DBP) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) to give [Ca(DBP)(2)(THF)(4)] (1), [Ca-2(DBP)(4)(DME)(4)(μ-DME)] (2), [Sr-3(μ-DBP)(6)(THF)(6)] (3), and [Sr-2(DBP)(μ-DBP)(3)(DME)(3)] (4). Compound 1 is a six coordinate trans-octahedral monomer, whereas in binuclear 2 two seven-coordinate Ca centres are bridged by a DME ligand. In 3 a central Sr is connected by three bridging DBP groups to each of two terminal Sr(THF)(3) moieties, all metal atoms being six coordinate. Compound 4 has one six-and one seven-coordinate Sr, bridged by three DBP ligands, the former Sr also having a terminal DBP and a bidentate DME ligand and the latter two DME ligands. Complexes 2 and 4 act as ring-opening polymerisation (ROP) catalysts for the benzyl alcohol or benzylamine co-initiated ROP rac-lactide forming atactic alcohol-or amine-terminated polylactide H-[PLA]-XBn (X = O or NH) with reasonable control of molecular weight via an activated monomer propagation mechanism. Kinetic studies for BnNH2 found the unusual rate expression -d[LA]/dt = kp((Ae))[2 or 4](0)[rac-LA](2)[BnNH2](0)(2.5) (kp((Ca))≈ 1.7 x k(p(Sr))). Preliminary studies suggest that [Y(DBP)(3)(THF)(2)] also catalyses amine or alcohol co-initiated ROP by an activated monomer mechanism without loss of a phenoxide ligand.

Item ID: 29075
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1477-9234
Keywords: pi-arene interactions; cyclic esters; rare-earth; catalytic-activity; metal-complexes; organometallic chemistry; biodegradable polyesters; organocalcium compounds; borohydride complexes; aliphatic polyesters
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), UK EPSRC , EU COST Action
Projects and Grants: EU COST Action CM1006
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2013 05:33
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030204 Main Group Metal Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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